Document Details

Document Type : Article In Journal 
Document Title :
Bipolar Disorder in Aviation Medicine
Bipolar Disorder in Aviation Medicine
Document Language : English 
Abstract : BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult challenges in aviation medicine is to diagnose, as early as possible, pilots with psychiatric disorders that may impair pilot performance and increase the risk of incidents and accidents. This diagnosis applies particularly to bipolar disorder (BD), where return to flying duty is not an option in the majority of cases. BD is a long-term mental disorder presenting remittent depressive, hypomanic, manic, or mixed episodes between low symptomatic or asymptomatic intermediate periods. Onset in most cases is in late teen or early adult years. Suicidal intentions and suicide risk are significantly elevated in individuals with BD compared to the general population. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed of BD and aviation accidents and the National Transportation Safety Board database of fatal general aviation accidents was searched. One case report and two database reports of interest from 1994 to 2014 were identified. RESULTS: The findings set a minimum frequency of BD in general aviation fatalities to be approximately 2 out of 8648 (0.023%) in the United States. DISCUSSION: The reported incidence may underestimate the real number of BD cases for several reasons, including the fact that the medical history of pilots is not always available or is sometimes not the primary interest of a safety investigation. This study suggests that the demarcation of psychiatric disorder related to fitness to fly is an important step in safety. 
ISSN : 1111111 
Journal Name : Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance 
Volume : 88 
Issue Number : 1 
Publishing Year : 1438 AH
2017 AD
Article Type : Article 
Added Date : Thursday, June 27, 2019 


Researcher Name (Arabic)Researcher Name (English)Researcher TypeDr GradeEmail
Alpo VuorioVuorio, Alpo
Tanja LaukkalaLaukkala, Tanja ResearcherDoctorate 
Robert BorBor, Robert ResearcherDoctorate 
Antti SajantilaSajantila, Antti ResearcherDoctorate 
Pooshan NavatheNavathe, Pooshan ResearcherDoctorate 
Bruce BudowleBudowle, Bruce ResearcherDoctorate 


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